Botanical Name: Hydnocarpus Laurifolia Origin: India
Chaulmogra (also spelled Chaulmoogra) belongs to the Hydnocarpus family, which is a common plant family in southern Asia. This plant can grow up to 15 to 20 meters high and has drooping branches with long leaves. The small flowers, which are greenish white, form sparse clusters and male and female flowers appear on different trees. The round brown fruit contain many long seeds that are rich in oil. Chaulmoogra Oil contains chaulmoogric and palmitic acids, and the fatty oil has been found to yield glycerol, a very small quantity of phytosterol and a mixture of fatty acids containing constituents which have been found to be useful in specific skin-care applications. The oil from the ripe, fresh seeds began to be studied by Western physicians in the 1800's.