Coriander is a delicate annual herb with several branches having lacy leaves with jagged edges. The plant grows to a height of 1 to 3 feet with small pinkish-white flowers. The flowers are followed by a mass of green egg shaped seeds that eventual turn brownish as they ripen and take on their spicy scent. Coriander is indigenous to Egypt and the seeds were found in the tomb of Tutankhamen. It was one of the plants that were grown in the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Both ancient Egyptians and Greeks believed coriander had aphrodisiac properties and used the seeds to flavour their wines. In 1510 the Benedictine monks documented using them as an ingredient in their herbal tonic known as Benedictine. The Carthusian Monks used them to make Chartreuse in the 1740's and the Carmelite order in France used coriander seeds with lemon balm, lemon zest, angelica root and nutmeg in their 17th century Eau de Toilette known as Carmelite Waters. The seeds are still used for cooking especially in India.
Coriander Essential Oil has the lovely spicy aroma of coriander.